Bali temples also known as Pura, a locale to idolize and worship for the believers of Balinese Hinduism. Like any other country or religion, Puras are no different. There are predesigned instructions, which are followed strictly while the construction or establishment of Pura in Bali. Bali temples are established as per the terms and rituals categorized in Balinese Hindu religion and architecture. Hinduism is the foremost followed religion on the island. As a result, more than 10,000 Puras are established in Bali. Many Puras stand tall in different parts of Indonesia where there is a considerable count of Balinese people.
Bali temples are constructed as a free and open site of reverence inside the surrounding walls. Associated with complexly ornamented and embellished gates between its compounds. These walled compounds house different shrines, Meru and bale. There are commonly two styles of gates within Balinese architecture. One is the split gate also known as Candi Bentar and the other is roofed tower gate known as Paduraksa or Kori Agung.
You may find different types of Bali temples depending on their location, function, style, and beliefs.
Pura Kahyangan Jagad: These type of Bali temples are located in the mountainous region mostly on the slopes of mountains. The example of this type in Bali is Besakih Temple on the slopes of Mount Agung.
Pura Tirta: This type of Bali temples apart from being a site to worship, also serve water management function. These types of temples serve as the part of Subak irrigation system. The examples of this type of temple are Pura Taman Ayun and Pura Tirta Empul.
Pura Desa: These types of Bali temples are located in the villages or cities. These type of temple serve as the center of Balinese people’s religious activities. They are mostly dedicated to the worship of Brahma the Gods and Deities.
Pura Puseh: A type of Pura dedicated to the worship of Vishnu.
Pura Dalem: Theses Bali temples are dedicated to the worship of Shiva, Durga, Mother nature, Banaspatiraja (Barong), Sang Bhuta Diyu, Sang Bhuta Garwa, and other deities.
Pura Mrajapati: These type of Bali temples are to worship Lord Prajapati.
Pura Segara: This is a type of Pura that are established by the seashores to worship the sea Gods and deities. Examples of this type of temple are Pura Tanah Lot and Pura Uluwatu.
Bali’s seashores and highlands are residences to several ancient and beautiful temples. Many of them established against the stunning backdrops have become the island’s iconic mileposts. Each temple is unique and has a different history and beliefs. Bali temples are known for its different purpose and function. The locations of these temples make them worthy to be a part of your photo album created while touring Bali. Watch thousands of bats resting in a rock cave at Pura Goa Lawah, purify at Pura Tirta Empul, Besakih temple on the peaks of Mount Agung, the iconic Tanah Lot and Uluwatu Temple, or the picturesque Pura Ulun Danu, every one of them is known for their own characteristics.
Yes, they are Bali temples, but at the same time, they are much more than just that. A trip to Bali cannot be concluded complete without exploring these Bali temples. It is impossible to cover 10,000 temples for anyone without a specific reason. However, you must visit few of them to explore and discover the real side of Bali. There is a lot to observe in Bali temples and you don’t have to be traditionally religious at heart to do that.
How to dress :
How to get there: There are three main ways to see the Bali temples. You either sign up for a group tour, you rent a car or you rent a scooter.
Garuda Wisnu Kencana Cultural Park, also referred by its acronym ‘GWK’. It is a multipurpose open-air site that covers 250 hectares in the hills of Ungasan. The significant highlight in GWK is the yet-to-be-completed gigantic eminent statue. That illustrating the Hindu god Vishnu riding on the back of the mythical Garuda eagle. Read More
Goa Gajah or Elephant Cave is an archaeological site of significant historical value that makes it a special place to visit. The name is slightly delusive and creates an impression that it’s a huge domicile full of elephants. This myth gets vanished when you actually get to see the place in reality. It is believed that the ‘Gajah’ or elephant portion came from a beautiful stone figure inside the cave. Read More
Tanah Lot Temple Bali owns an impressively beautiful and extravagant view not only at sunset but at sunrise too. Tanah Lot is one of the greatest Bali temples. However, the best time to visit Tanah Lot Temple is just before the sunset. That is why the Tanah Lot sunset tours are pretty popular amongst the tourists. It is a feast for the eyes to see the Tanah lot sunset. Read More
Uluwatu Temple or Pura Luhur Uluwatu, one of six key temples believed to be Bali’s spiritual pillars. It is perched on a cliff, this ancient Hindu Temple features ocean views and hosts traditional dance shows ‘Kecak fire Dance’. Such a magnificent setting set on a cliff top constantly pounded by blue waves.One of the best in Bali temples.Read More
The Ulun Danu Beratan is a landmark of Bali located on the western side of the Beratan Lake in Bedugul. Ulun Danu Beratan temple, literally a beautiful landmark created by God. It is easily the island’s most iconic sanctuary sharing the scenic qualities with the seaside temples of Uluwatu and Tanah Lot. It is very well known as the best tourist destination visited by many international and domestic travelers.Read More
Goa Lawah, unquestionably, is one great temple in Bali. Located on the south-east coast, roughly 10km away from Klungkung and 10km south of Candidasa. Goa Lawah, a unique temple that surrounds a beautiful cave opening which is inhabited by thousands of bats. Also called as bat cave features a massive temple around the small cave opening that is considered to have another end at the toes of Mount Agung.Read More
Pura Taman Ayun comprises of a fabulous Balinese temple and a gorgeous garden with spectacular water ponds. Located in Mengwi subdistrict in Badung Regency, Bali. An Ancient temple and the temple garden were showcased on the television program “Around the World in 80 Gardens". This beautiful temple showcases conventional architectural characteristics, far and wide its patios and fences as well as extensive garden panoramas incorporated of lotus and fish reservoirs.Read More
One of the greatest Bali temples. Pura Tirta Empul reserves massive religious and historical values for not only local Balinese but also for Hindus from around the world. This beautiful water temple is also well-known for its holy spring water. That is considered as “Amritha” in Hindu Culture and used for ritual purification. The temple pond has a spring which delivers fresh water regularly and considered to have curative properties for various skin diseases as well.Read More
Tirta Gangga is a once imperial castle in eastern Bali, approximately 5 km of Karangasem. It is regarded for its water palace, controlled and managed by Karangasem Royal. Tirta Gangga means water from the Ganges and it is an excellent locality of worship for the Hindu Balinese. The water palace formulated in 1948 by the king of Karangasem, Anak Agung Agung Anglurah Ketut Karangasem. Tirta Gangga water palace is an amazing network of ponds and springs encircled by a terrace and sculptures. Read More