Pura Ulun Danu Batur, established in 1926, is the next uppermost significant temple compound of Bali, following the mother temple Besakih. The temple is consecrated to the worship of Dewi Batari Ulun Danu which is considered as the goddess of lakes and rivers. Pura Ulun Danu and the communities of Batur were positioned down in the caldera, at the base of the Batur volcano till 1926. In 1926, the volcano exploded furiously due to which both the village and the temple were demolished leaving behind the most prominent shrine, an 11-tiered Meru devoted to Dewi Batari Ulun Danu. After that, the villagers relocated to the biggest and oldest rim of the caldera. They reconstructed their village and the temple on the largest rim.
The temple compound additionally holds a unique Gong Gede that is exclusively presented while the 11-day ceremony for the establishment of the temple. At the same time, the temple holds various dance performances that are presented by professional dancers at the temple. The divine Baris dance and the materialistic Rejang dance is also practiced within the temple during the ceremony. In reality, the Pura Ulun Danu is a complex of nine distinct temples or Puras which in total has 285 shrines devoted to the deities and goddesses of water, horticulture, sacred springs, etc. The odalan or the major ceremony of Pura Ulun Danu Batur is celebrated each Purnama of Sasih Kedasa, the 10th full moon as per the Balinese Caka moon calendar. This day commonly drops in the month of March and seldom in April.
This Hindu temple was initially established in the 17th century in recognition of the lake goddess Dewi Danu, distinguishing the importance of Lake Batur which was the primary source of water in Bali. The chronicle of the temple relates to the Mengwi kingdom of ancient time. The 11-stories Meru shrine is devoted to Shiva and his companion Dewi Parvathi. Pura Penataran Agung Batur, the head temple, owns five beautiful courtyards. Its multiple powerful shrines are the 11-tiered Meru established in the central and most divine patio, three 9-tiered Merus devoted to Mount Batur, Ida Batara Dalem Waturenggong, and Mount Abang. The eight additional temples are Penataran Pura Jati, Pura Taman Sari, Pura Gunarali, Pura Tirta Bungkah, Pura Sampian Wangi, Pura Tirta Mas Mampeh, Pura Tuluk Biyu, and Pura Padang Sila.
TIPS FOR VISITING TEMPLES IN BALI
How to dress :
How to get there : There are three main ways to see the Balinese temples. You either sign up for a group tour, you rent a car or you rent a scooter.